Heart attack also known as myocardinal infarction is sudden death of heart muscle due to blood clots in the coronary arteries. Heart attack not only attack old age but also young people. Here are some people in a risk of getting heart attack.
1. High Cholesterol Level
People with high cholesterol is more likely getting this disease because high cholesterol will accelerate the process of atherosclerosis which can block the blood vessels. Cholesterol levels for adults should be no more than 200 mg/dl. Total cholesterol is considered normal if less than 200 mg / dL and high if above 239 mg / dl. The number of LDL (bad) cholesterol should be below 150 mg / dl. The amount of HDL (good) must be above 35 mg / dl.
2. High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure increases the risk of coronary artery disease (also called atherosclerosis). People with high blood pressure are more likely to develop coronary artery disease because high blood pressure puts added force against the artery walls. Over time, this extra pressure can damage the arteries. These injured arteries are more likely to become narrowed and hardened by fatty deposits. The narrowed artery limits or blocks the flow of blood to the heart muscle. The hardened surface of the artery can also encourage the formation of small blood clots.
Muscle needs far more oxygen to process fat than to process sugar. The blood supply to heart muscle comes from large arteries on the outside of the heart. Diabetics have narrowed arteries because high blood sugar levels cause plaques to form and reduce diameter of the coronary arteries. The increased need for blood flow from burning fat and the decreased blood flow narrowed arteries put diabetics at very high risk for heart attacks, heart failure, and sudden death. The increased use of oxygen increases blood levels of oxidants that further damage the inner linings of arteries.
4. Smoking People
Smoking can cause heart attack because it causes irritation on blood vessel wall. It will accelerate cholesterol precipitation and blood clots which may clog blood vessels. If a blood clot forms, it can suddenly cut off blood flow in the artery and cause a heart attack.
5. Serious Fatigue
Physical and mental fatigue can trigger various chronic diseases, such as digestive disorders, cardiovascular system disorders, and decreased stamina. A tired body condition coupled with the continous consumption of cigarettes and various supplements and beverages that contain ginseng and caffeine can aggravate the situation which resulted in someone having a heart attack.
6. Excess Weight
Obesity is associated with decreased insulin sensitivity that leads to diabetes mellitus, elevated levels of blood fats and increased blood pressure which in the end, it will lead to heart attack and sudden death.