It’s never too late to take steps to prevent heart attack, even if you’ve already had one. Taking medications can reduce your risk of a second heart attack and help your damaged heart function better. Lifestyle factors also play critical role in heart attack prevention and recovery. To prevent heart attack, you can do these following steps:
- Keep your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol under control
- Don’t smoke
- Consider drinking 1 to 2 glasses of alcohol or wine each day. Moderate amounts of alcohol may reduce your risk of cardiovascular problems. However, drinking larger amounts does more harm than good.
- Eat a low-fat diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in animal fat.
- Eat fish twice a week. Baked or grilled fish is better than fried fish. Frying can destroy some of the health benefit and good amount of something.
- Lose weight if you’re overweight.
- If you have one or more risk factors for heart disease, talk to your doctor about possibly taking aspirin to help prevent a heart attack.
- Manage your stress
- Exercise regularly
- Get regular medical check up
After a heart attack, you will need regular follow-up care to reduce the risk of having a second heart attack. Often, a cardiac rehabilitation program is recommended to help you gradually return to a normal lifestyle. Always follow the exercise, diet, and medication plan prescribed by your doctor.