Alcohol depresses your central nervous system. In some people, the initial reaction may be stimulation. But as you continue to drink, you become sedated. Alcohol lowers your inhibition and affects your thoughts, emotions, and judgment. Too much alcohol affects your speech and muscle coordination and affects vital center of your brain. A heavy drinking binge may even cause a life-threatening coma.
Health problem caused by excessive drinking can include:
1. Liver disorder
Drinking heavily can cause alcoholic hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver.
2. Digestive problems
Alcohol can result in inflammation of the lining of the stomach (gastritis) and can interfere with absorption of B vitamins and other nutrients. It may damage your pancreas which produces the hormones that regulate your metabolism and the enzymes that help digest fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
4. Eye problems
Overtime, excessive alcohol can cause weakness and paralysis of your eyes muscle.
5. Sexual function and menstruation
Alcohol abuse can cause erectile dysfunction and paralysis in men. In women, it can interrupt menstruation.
6. Bone loss
Alcohol may interfere with the production of new bone. This can lead to thinning bones (osteoporosis) and increased risk of fractures.
7. Birth defects
It may cause fetal alcohol syndrome if you use alcohol during pregnancy and in result it giving birth to a child who has physical and development problems.
8. Neurological complications
Excessive drinking can affect your nervous system, causing numbness of your hands and feet, disordered thinking, dementia, and short-term memory loss.