Alcoholism is a chronic disease in which your body becomes dependent on alcohol. When you have alcoholism, you lose control over your drinking. You may not be able to control when you drink, how much you drink, or how long you drink on each occasion. If you have alcoholism, you will continue to drink even though you know it’s causing problems with your relationship, health, work, or finances.
Substance abuse experts make a distinction between alcohol abuse and alcoholism which also called as alcohol dependence. Unlike alcoholics, alcohol abusers have some ability to set limits on their drinking. However, their alcohol use is still self-destructive and dangerous to themselves or others.
The biological mechanisms underpinning alcoholism are uncertain, however, risk factors include social environment, stress, mental health, genetic predisposition, age, ethnic group, and sex. Long-term alcohol abuse produces physiological changes in the brain such as tolerance and physical dependence. Alcohol damages almost every organ in the body, including the brain, because of the cumulative toxic effects on chronic alcohol dependence, the alcoholics risks suffering a range of medical and psychiatric disorders.