Generally, bacterial vaginosis doesn’t cause complications. But under certain circumstances, having bacterial vaginosis may lead to:
1. Preterm birth
In pregnant women, bacterial vaginosis is linked to premature deliveries and low birth weight babies.
2. Sexually transmitted infections
Having bacterial vaginosis makes women more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections, such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, chlamydia or gonorrhea. If you have HIV, bacterial vaginosis increases the odds that you’ll pass the virus on to your partner.
3. Infection risk after gynecologic surgery
Having bacterial vaginosis may be associated with a greater chance of developing a post-surgical infection after procedures such as hysterectomy or dilation and curettage (D and C).