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Preeclampsia Complications

Preeclampsia is defined as high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy in a woman who previously had normal blood pressure. Most women with preeclampsia deliver healthy babies. The more severe your preeclampsia and the earlier it occurs in your pregnancy, however, the greater the risks for you and your baby.

1. Lack of blood flow to the placenta
Preeclampsia affects the arteries carrying blood to the placenta. If the placenta doesn’t get enough blood, your baby may receive less oxygen and fewer nutrients. This can lead to slow growth, low birth weight, preterm birth and breathing difficulties for your baby. If so, it will turn into more difficulties when you have the next pregnancy.

2. Placental abruption
Preeclampsia increases your risk of placental abruption, in which the placenta separates from the inner wall of your uterus before delivery. Severe abruption can cause heavy bleeding and damage to the placenta, which can be life-threatening for both you and your baby.

3. Eclampsia
Eclampsia is seizures (convulsions) in a pregnant woman that are not related to a preexisting brain condition. It happens when preeclampsia isn’t controlled and developing. Eclampsia can permanently damage your vital organs, including your brain, liver, and kidneys. left untreated, eclampsia can cause coma, brain damage, and even the death for both you and your baby. Symptoms of eclampsia include upper right abdominal pain, severe headache, vision problems, and change i mental status such as decreased alertness.

4. Cardiovascular Disease
Having preeclampsia may increase your risk of getting cardiovascular disease. Actually, it related to eclampsia which can cause the damage of your organs.

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