Local Therapy is intended to treat a tumor at the site without affecting the rest of the body. Surgery and radiation therapy are the examples of local therapy.
The goal of surgery is to remove the tumor and surrounding breast tissue. There are also several types of surgery include mastectomy which removes all of the breast tissue, sometimes along with the nearby tissues, breast conserving surgery, and lymph node surgery.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. During radiation therapy for male breast cancer, radiation comes from a large machine that moves around your body, directing the energy beams to precise points on your chest. In male breast cancer, radiation therapy may be used to eliminate any remaining cancer cells in the breast, chest muscles or armpit after surgery.
Systemic therapy refers to drugs, which can be given by mouth or directly into the bloodstream to reach cancer cells anywhere in the body. Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy are systemic therapy.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy treatment often involves receiving two or more drugs in different combination. Chemo is given in cycles, with each period of treatment followed by a recovery period. Chemo usually is taken over several months. To learn more about chemotherapy and get an idea of what it is like to got though, consider this on chemo side effects before taking any dosages.
Hormone therapy is another form of systemic therapy. Like chemotherapy, hormone therapy can be used as an adjuvant therapy to help reduce the risk of cancer recurrence after surgery, and it can be used as neoadjuvant treatment as well. It is also used to treat cancer that has come back after treatment (recurred) or has spread.
Targeted therapies attack specific abnormalities within cancer cells. Targeted therapy drugs attack breast cancer cells by targetting cells that make too much of certain protein and signals that help tumors grow blood vessels.