According to MayoClinic.com, High blood pressure is a common condition in which the force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
While, blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. Blood pressure readings are measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and usually given as two numbers, for example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high. High blood pressure also known as hypertension.
There are several people who have risk to get this disease, like: someone who aging, family inherited, being overweight or obese, not being physically active, too much tobacco, drinking too much alcohol, and stress.
Although high blood pressure is most common in adults, children may be at risk, too. For some children, high blood pressure is caused by problems with the kidneys or heart. But for a growing number of kids, poor lifestyle habits — such as an unhealthy diet and lack of exercise — contribute to high blood pressure.