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Chlamydia: Definition and Causes

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by te bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. When transmitted through sexual contact, the bacteria can infect the urinary and reproductive organs. Actually there are two other kinds of Chlamydia bacteria, they’re Chlamydia penumoniae which can be spread through coughing and sneezing, and Chlamydia psittaci which birds can pass to humans.

You may not know you have chlamydia because many people never develop the signs or symptoms, which may include genital pain and a discharge from the vagina or penis. Chlamydia affects both men and women and occurs in all age groups, though it’s most prevalent among young women. Chlamydia isn’t difficult to treat once you know you have it. If it’s left untreated, however, chlamydia can lead to more-serious health problems.

Chlamydia is caused by bacteria and is most commonly spread through vaginal, oral and anal sex. It’s also possible for a mother to spread chlamydia to her child during delivery, causing pneumonia or a serious eye infection in her newborn. Several factors why people get this disease, perhaps because of these reasons:

* Age under 24
* Multiple sex partners within the past year
* No or infrequent condom use
* History of prior sexually transmitted infection

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