Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis which transmitted through sexual contact. The bacteria can infect the urinary and reproductive organs. The complications chlamydia may occur are:
1. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
PID is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes that causes pelvic pain and fever. Severe infections may require hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics. PID can damage the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus, including the cervix.
2. Infection near the testicles
A chlamydia infection can inflame the epididymis, a coiled tube located beside each testicle. The infection may result in fever, scrotal pain and swelling.
3. Prostate gland infection
The chlamydia organism can spread to a man’s prostate gland. Prostatitis may result in pain during or after sex, fever and chills, painful urination, and lower back pain.
4. Infections in newborns
The chlamydia infection can pass from the vaginal canal to your child during delivery, causing pneumonia or a serious eye infection.
Chlamydia infections — even those that produce no signs or symptoms — can cause scarring and obstruction in the fallopian tubes, which may make you infertile.
6. Reactive arthritis
People who have chlamydia are at higher risk of developing reactive arthritis, also known as Reiter’s syndrome. This condition typically affects the joints, eyes and urethra — the tube that connects your bladder to the outside world.
7. Other sexually transmitted infections
People who have chlamydia are at higher risk of also having other sexually transmitted infections — including gonorrhea and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.