Hepatitis is a medical condition defined by swelling and inflammation of the liver. There are several things which may causes hepatitis and there are also some types of hepatitis (A,B,C,D, and E) with each symptoms of it you should know to get the right treatment.Every types has different treatment, that’s why you need to know what are the types before having the right treatment. These below, you will see the treatment according to each types.
1. Treatment for Hepatitis A
No medicines are used to treat the illness. Home treatment will usually help relieve your symptoms and help you prevent the spread of hepatitis A virus (HAV). You need to slow down. Reduce your activity level to match your energy level. Do not stay in bed, because that may slow your recovery. Don’t go to work or school unless your workload can be reduced to match your energy level. You have also need to eat right. Even though food may appeal to you, it is important for you to get adequate nutrition. Try eating small, frequent meals instead of three large meals. Doctors used to recommend a high-calorie, protein-rich diet to people who have hepatitis. Next you have to avoid dehydration too. It is very important to keep your body well-hydrated when you have hepatitis A, especially if you have vomiting. Drink plently of water. Avoid alcohol and drugs. Hepatitis impairs your liver’s ability to break down certain medicines and alcohol. If you take drugs (legal or illegal) or drink alcohol when you have hepatitis, their effects may be more powerful and may last longer. In addition, alcohol and some medicines can make liver damage worse. Last, try to control itching. People with hepatitis sometimes develop itchy skin. You can use nonprescription medicines, such as Benadryl or Chlor-Trimeton, to control the itching.
2. Treatment for Hepatitis B
Treatment of hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection depends on how active the virus is and whether you are at risk for liver damage such as cirrhosis. If you believe you have recently been exposed to HBV, you should receive a shot of hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) and the first of three immunization shots of hepatitis B vaccine. Home treatment usually will relieve symptoms and prevent the spread of hepatitis B viruse. To help doing it, you need to be slow down, reduce your activity level. Eat right because it is important to get adequate nutrition. You need also avoid alcohol and drugs but you have to drink plenty of liquids to avoid dehydration. Try to control itching and prevent the spread of HBV by informing people you live with or sleep with about the illness, by not sharing personal toiletries (such as razors and toothbrushes), and by using a condom or abstaining from sex.
3. Treatment for Hepatitis C
The goals of HCV treatment are to remove the virus from the blood and reduce the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer that can result from long-term HCV infection. Many patients with hepatitis C benefit from treatment with medications. The most common medications are a combination of pegylated interferon alfa and ribavirin, an antiviral medication. People with hepatitis C should also be careful not to take vitamins, nutritional supplements, or new over the counter medications without first discussing it with their health care provider. Avoid any substances that are toxic to the liver (hepatotoxic), including alcohol. Get vaccinated againts hepatitis A and B.
4. Treatment for Hepatitis D
Many of the medicines used to treat hepatitis B are not helpful for treating hepatitis D (See hepatitis B). Persons with long-term HDV infection may receive a medicine called alpha interferon for up to 12 months. A liver transplant for end-stage chronic hepatitis B may be effective.
Prompt diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis B infection can help prevent hepatitis D. Avoid intravenous drug abuse. If you use IV drugs, avoid sharing needles. A vaccine to prevent hepatitis B. Adults who are at high risk for hepatitis B infection, and all children should consider getting this vaccine.
5. Treatment for Hepatitis E
At present, no commercially available vaccines exist for the prevention of hepatitis E. However, several studies for the development of an effective vaccine against hepatitis E are in progress. Hepatitis E is a viral disease, and as such, antibiotics are of no value in the treatment of the infection. There is no hyperimmune E globulin available for pre-or post-exposure prophylaxis. HEV infections are usually self-limited, and hospitalization is generally not required. No available therapy is capable of altering the course of acute infection. As no specific therapy is capable of altering the course of acute hepatitis E infection, prevention is the most effective approach against the disease. Hospitalization is required for fulminant hepatitis and should be considered for infected pregnant women.