Acne treatment depends on whether you have a mild, moderate, or severe form. Sometimes, your doctor will combine treatments to get the best result and to avoid developing drug-resistance bacteria.
Acne treatments work by reducing oil production, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection, reducing the inflammation or doing all four. With most prescription acne treatments, you may not see results for four to eight weeks, and your skin may get worse before it gets better. Your doctor or dermatologist may recommend a prescription medication you apply to your skin (topical medication) or take by mouth (oral medication). Oral prescription medications for acne should not be used during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester.
These are several ways how to treat the acne:
1. Over The Counter Topical Treatments
Acne lotions may dry up the oil, kill bacteria and promote sloughing of dead skin cells. Over-the-counter (OTC) lotions are generally mild and contain benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid or lactic acid as their active ingredient. These products can be helpful for very mild acne. But this method may cause side ffects such as skin irritation, dryness and flaking.
2. Topical Treatments Available by Prescription
If your acne doesn’t respond to OTC treatment, you may want to see doctor or dermatologist to get stronger prescription lotion. Prescription topical treatments for acne may cause skin side effects, such as stinging, burning, redness or peeling.
For moderate severe acne, you may need a short course of prescription oral antibiotic to reduce bacteria and fight inflammation. In most cases, topical medications and oral antibiotics used together. Studies have found that using topical benzoyl peroxide along with oral antibiotics may reduce the risk of developing antibiotic resistance.
For deep cysts, antibiotics may not be enough. Isotretinoin (Accutane) is a powerful medication available for scarring cystic acne or acne that doesn’t respond to other treatments. This medicine is reserved for the most severe forms of acne. It’s very effective, but people who take it need close monitoring by a dermatologist because of the possibility of severe side effects.
5. Laser and light therapy
Laser treatment is thought to damage the oil (sebaceous) glands, causing them to produce less oil. Light therapy targets the bacteria that cause acne inflammation. These therapies can also improve skin texture and lessen the appearance of scars.
6. Cosmetic Procedures
Chemical peels and microdermabrasion may be helpful in controlling acne. These cosmetic procedures are most effective when used in combination with other acne treatment. They may cause temporary, scaling and blistering, but it still worth to try.
7. Herbal Remedies
If medication and therapy are a way more confusing and complicated, you may consider using herbal remedies as treatment. This is natural, safe, and easier. This method also has no dangerous side effects.