Because most sore throats are caused by viruses, antibiotics are not routinely needed. However, penicillin is the most commonly prescribed class of antibiotics. Read more on the following steps.
- The medication may be given as a single-dose injection or may be provided as a prescription for oral antibiotics (pills taken by mouth).
- People who are allergic to penicillin may be treated with erythromycin. Treatment with oral antibiotics may be provided for 10-14 days.
- It is important to complete all the pills prescribed, even if symptoms go away and you feel better. Completion of the full course of antibiotics prevents more serious complication of rheumatic fever that may result in a form of heart disease.
- Throat pain and fever may be improved with medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- It is also important to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
- Gargling with warm salt water (8 ounces of warm water mixed with 1 teaspoon salt) will ease sore throat pain. Gargle several times a day.
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