Hepatitis is swelling and inflammation of the liver. It is not a condition, but is often used to refer to a viral infection of the liver.
There are five types of hepatitis, A, B, C, D, and E. Every types have different causes and symptoms which may leads to hepatitis. So what causes each types of hepatitis anyway?
1. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is caused by eating food and drinking water infected with a virus called HAV. It can also be caused by anal-oral contact during sex. You come in contact with the stool or blood of a person who currently has the disease. Or maybe there’s a person with hepatitis A does not wash his or her hands properly after going to the bathroom and touches other subjects or food. While it can cause swelling and inflammation in the liver, it doesn’t lead to chronic, or life long, disease. Almost everyone who gets hepatitis A has a full recovery.
2. Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is caused by the virus HBV. It is spread by contact with an infected person’s blood, semen, or other body fluid. And, it is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). You can get hepatitis B by:
* Blood transfusions (not common in the United States)
* Direct contact with blood in health care settings
* Sexual contact with an infected person
* Tattoo or acupuncture with unclean needles or instruments
* Shared needles during drug use
* Shared personal items (such as toothbrushes, razors, and nail clippers) with an infected person
3. Hepatitis C
Hepatitis c is caused by the virus HCV. It is spread the same way as hepatitis B, through contact with an infected person’s blood, semen, or body fluid (see above). Like hepatitis B, hepatitis C causes swelling of the liver and can cause liver damage that can lead to cancer. Most people who have hepatitis C develop a chronic infection. This may lead to a scarring of the liver, called cirrhosis. Blood banks test all donated blood for hepatitis C, greatly reducing the risk for getting the virus from blood transfusions or blood products.
4. Hepatitis D
Hepatitis D is caused by the virus HDV. You can only get hepatitis D if you are already infected with hepatitis B. It is spread through contact with infected blood, dirty needles that have HDV on them, and unprotected sex (not using a condom) with a person infected with HDV. Hepatitis D causes swelling of the liver.
5. Hepatitis E
Hepatitis E is caused by the virus HEV. You get hepatitis E by drinking water infected with the virus. This type of hepatitis doesn’t often occur in the U.S. It causes swelling of the liver, but no long-term damage. It can also be spread through oral-anal contact.