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What Causes ADHD in Children?

Kids with ADHD act without thinking, hyperactive, and have trouble on focusing. They may understand what’s expected of them but have trouble in  following through because they can’t sit still, pay attention, or attend to details. You know, kids who can’t sit still, who never seem to listen, who don’t follow instructions no matter how clearly you present them, or who blurt out inappropriate comments at inappropriate times. Sometimes these children are labeled as troublemakers, or criticized for being lazy and undisciplined. However, they may have ADD/ADHD.

There are may be some causes that leads your child having ADHD. What are they?

1. Genetics

A lot of todays research suggests that genetics play a major role in ADHD. Approximately half of parents who have been diagnosed with ADHD themselves, will have a child with the disorder. Children with ADHD who carry a particular version of a certain gene have thinner brain tissue in the areas of the brain associated with attention.

2. Environmental factors


Studies suggest a potential link between cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy and ADHD in children. In addition, preschoolers who are exposed to high levels of lead, which can sometimes be found in plumbing fixtures or paint in old buildings, may have a higher risk of developing ADHD.

3. Brain injuries

Children who have suffered a brain injury may show some behaviors similar to those of ADHD. However, only a small percentage of children with ADHD have suffered a traumatic brain injury.

4. Sugar

The idea that refined sugar causes ADHD or makes symptoms worse is popular, but more research discounts this theory than supports it. In one study, researchers gave children foods containing either sugar or a sugar substitute every other day. The children who received sugar showed no different behavior or learning capabilities than those who received the sugar substitute. Another study in which children were given higher than average amounts of sugar or sugar substitutes showed similar result.

5. Food additives

Recent British research indicates a possible link between consumption of certain food additives like artificial colors or preservatives, and an increase in activity. Research is under way to confirm the findings and to learn more about how food additives may affect hyperactivity.

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