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What You Need To Know About Migraine Headache

As you can see from article about the 5 types of headache, migraine is a painful headache, even prohibits your activities. Migraine often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, noise, and smell. This headache usually occur on the one side of your head only, although it can shift from one side to the other, or can occur on both sides at the same time.

Symptoms before migraine
Before migraine attacks you, you usually will have the following symptoms. These symptoms usually develop 24 to 48 hours before the migraine starts:
1. Hunger, thirst, food cravings, or loss of appetite.
2. Sudden mood changes, including depression, irritability, or euphoria.
3. Changes in energy level such as restlessness, sleepiness, excessive energy, nervousness, or calmness.
4. Changes in consciousness like drowsiness or hyperalertness.

1 to 5 people with migraine have aura up to 30 minutes before attack
1. See spots, wavy lines, or flashing lights.
2. Have numbness or “pins-and-needles” feeling in their hands, arms, or face.

Symptoms when the migraine starts
When the migraine starts to attack you, you will feel:
1. Throbbing pain one one side of the head, the pain may shift from one side to the other side, and can occur on the both side of your head.
2. Pain behind one of your eyes.
3. Moderate to extreme pain, it can even interfere your activities.
4. The pain is worsen by routine physical activities.
5. Nausea, vomiting, or both.
6. The pain is worsen when around light, noise, and smells.

Symptoms after migraine
After your headache ends, you may have muscle aches or feel very tired. These symptoms can last up to one day after your migraine ends.

Classification of migraine headache
There are 6 types of migraine headache, but the 2 first type is the main types:
1. Migraine without aura (common migraine)
This headache causes a throbbing pain in one side of the head. The pain is moderate to severe and worsen by normal physical activity.
2. Migraine with aura (classic migraine)
As you read before, aura can happen up to 30 minutes before the headache starts.
3. Menstrual migraine
Many women have migraine during their menstrual cycle, which occur a few days before, during, or right after the period.
4. Migraine equivalent
This is a migraine aura that is not followed by a headache. This type of migraine can happen after age of 50 when you had migraine with aura at your younger age.
5. Complicated migraine
During this migraine you will have symptoms like numbness and tingling, trouble speaking or understanding speech, or not being able to move an arm or leg. The symptoms may go on after the headache stops.
6. Abdominal migraine
This migraine usually occur in children. The symptoms include vomiting or dizziness, without a throbbing headache.

The trigger of migraine headache
Certain causes can trigger migraine headache like:
1. Stress
2. Menstrual cycle in women
3. Changes in sleeping pattern
4. Fasting or skipping meal
5. Changes in the weather, heat, or humidity
6. Visual stimulation such as bright lights, glare, or reflected sunlight.
7. Foods, such as chocolate
8. Alcohol
9. Odors that comes from perfume, paint, dust, and certain flowers

If you have continuous migraine, it is best for you to keep a headache diary, so your doctor will find out what causing your migraine and also the right treatment for you.

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