Liver disease is any disturbance of liver function that causes illness. The liver is responsible for many critical functions within the body and should it become diseased or injured, the loss of those functions can cause significant damage to the body. Liver disease is also referred to as hepatic disease.
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The liver can be damaged in a variety of ways. Such as cells can become inflamed, bile flow can be obstructed, cholesterol or triglycerides can accumulate, blood flow to the liver may be compromised, and liver tissue can be damaged by chemicals and minerals, or infiltrated by abnormal cells. There are also some of symptoms and causes of liver disease. You need to be aware to this disease before you have to treated it. Here below, you can read the causes of liver disease.
1. Alcohol abuse
Alcohol abuse is the most common cause of liver disease in North America. Alcohol is directly toxic to the liver cells and can cause liver inflammation, referred to as alcoholic hepatitis.
Cirrhosis is a late-stage liver disease. Scarring of the liver and loss of functioning liver cells cause the liver fail.
Liver cells may become temporarily inflamed or permanently damaged by exposure to medications or drugs. Some medications or drugs require an overdose to cause liver injury while others may cause the damage even when taken in the appropriately prescribed dosage.
4. Infectious heaptitis
The term “hepatitis” means inflammation, and liver cells can become infalmes because of infection. There are three types of hepatitis. They are, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. You can follow our link to get more understand about hepatitis.
5. Other vituses
Other viruses can also cause liver inflammation or hepatitis as part of the cluster of symptoms. Viral infections with infectious mononucleosis (Epstein Barr virus), adenovirus, and cytomegalovirus can inflame the liver. Non-viral infections such as toxoplasmosis and Rocky Mountain spotted fever are less common causes.
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6. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Accumulation of fat within the liver can cause gradual decrease in liver function. Also known as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, fatty liver disease or NASH.
Hemachromatosis (iron overload) is a metabolic disorder that leads to abnormally elevated iron stores in the body. The excess iron may be found in the tissues of the liver, pancreas, and heart and can lead to inflammation, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and liver failure. Hemachromatosis is an inherited disease.
8. Wilson’s Disease
Wilson’s disease is another inherited disease that affects the body’s ability to matabolize copper. Wilson’s disease may lead to cirrhosis and liver failure.
9. Gilbert’s disease
In Gilbert’s disease, there is an abnormality in bilirubin meatbolism in the liver. There are no symptoms and it is usually diagnosed incidentally when an elevated bilirubin level is found on routine blood tests. Gilbert’s disease is a benign condition and no treatment is necessary.
10. Bile flow abnormalities
Normally, bile flows from the liver into the gallbladder and ultimately into the intestine to help with the digestion of food. If bile flow is obstructed, it can cause inflammation within the liver. Most commonly, gallstones can cause an obstruction of the ducts that drains bile from the liver.