Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal. The normal level of hemoglobin is generally different in males and females. For men, anemia is typically defined as hemoglobin level of less than 13.5 gram/100ml and in women as hemoglobin of less than 12.0 gram/100ml. For this reason, doctors sometimes describe someone with anemia as having a low blood count. A person who has anemia is called anemic.
Treatment for anemia depends on the type, cause and severity of the condition. And it’s also better for you to know what are its symptoms, so you can prevent yourself from having anemia. Some treatments according to the causes of anemia you should also know are:
1. Iron deficiency anemia.
This form of anemia is treated with changes in your diet and supplements. If the underlying cause of iron deficiency is loss of blood (other than from menstruation) the source of the bleeding must be located and stopped. This may involve surgery.
2. Anemia of chronic disease.
There’s no specific treatment for this type of anemia. Doctors focus on treating the underlying disease.
3. Poor nutrition.
Folic acid deficiency anemia is treated with folic acid supplements. If your digestive system has trouble absorbing vitamin B-12 from the food you eat, you may receive vitamin B-12 injections.
4. Sickle cell anemia.
Treatment for this anemia may include the administration of oxygen, pain-relieving drugs, and oral and intravenous fluids to reduce pain and prevent complications. Doctors may also recommend blood transfusions, folic acid supplements and antibiotics.
5. Aplastic anemia.
Treatment for this anemia are likes blood transfusions to boost levels of red blood cells. You may need a bone marrow transplant if your bone marrow is diseased and can’t make healthy blood cells.
6. Hemolytic anemia.
Managing hemolytic anemia includes avoiding suspect medications, treating related infections and taking drugs that suppress your immune system, which may be attacking your red blood cells.