Your children get 25 vaccination in the first 15 months of their life alone. But not all of them really important for your kid’s health.
Here are 12 vaccines that helps protect your children against potentially life-threatening germ as summarized from health.com:
1. Hepatitis B
This vaccine is given to your baby on three steps, first before leaving the hospital, and then after 1 or 2 months, and the last at 6 to 18 month. This vaccine protects your baby from Hepatitis B, an incurable liver-infecting virus. This virus spreads through contact with blood or other body fluids.
This vaccine is an abbreviation for the disease:
– Diphtheria. A germ that can form a gray or black film in the throat.
– Tetanus. An infection that can cause muscle spasm so strong they can break bones.
– Pertusis. A highly contagious disease that causes a severe and uncontrollable cough, known as whooping cough.
This is given to your children on 5 steps: at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 to 18 months, and 4 to 6 years. The vaccine booster also needed at age 11 or 12 and then every 10 years.
This vaccine protects against 3 viruses:
– Measles. which causes high fever and body wide rash.
– Mumps. which causes face pain, swelling of the salivary glands, and sometimes scrotal swelling in boys
– Rubella or German measles. This virus can cause birth defects if the infection occurs during pregnancy.
This vaccine given on two steps, 12 to 15 months and once again between the ages of 4 to 6 years.
Chickenpox is a very contagious disease and caused by varicella virus. Chickenpox infection can be very dangerous in adults who don’t have immunity from the vaccine or haven’t had it in childhood.
The vaccine is given to children at 12 to 15 month and again between 4 to 6 years.
5. Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib)
This bacterium causes meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, which is very dangerous for kids under 5 years old. This Hib vaccine are generally given at 2,4,6, and 12 to 15 months of age.
6. Polio (IPV)
Polio can cause paralysis even death. But thanks to the vaccine, there are no more cases of polio in the United States. This vaccine is given to children at 2 months, 4 months, between 6 to 18 months, and then again between the ages of 4 and 6 years.
7. Pneumococcal conjugate (PCV)
This vaccine protects against 13 types of Streptococcus pneumoniae, which can cause meningitis, pneumonia, ear infection, blood infection, and even death. This vaccine is given to children at 4 shots: at age of 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months.
8. Influenza (flu)
This vaccination are given each year starting in fall. But if you have an egg allergy, you shouldn’t have this vaccine. Flu vaccination recommended for children ages 6 months or older.
9. Rotavirus (RV)
This vaccine protects against virus that causes severe diarrhea and vomiting in young kids around the world. The form of the vaccine is liquid and given by mouth to babies.
10. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A virus affects the liver, and can cause a number of symptoms, including fever, tiredness, jaundice, and loss of appetite. Children can catch this virus by sharing food and drink or putting contaminated object into their mouth. This vaccine is given by children ages 12 through 23 months and generally get two doses with the minimum interval is every 6 months.
11. Meningococcal conjugate (MCV4)
This vaccine protects against meningococcal bacteria which can infect the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
12. Human papillomavirus (HPV)
This vaccine protects against 2 sexually transmitted types that are the most common causes of cervical cancer. It also protects 2 types that causes genital warts. This vaccine is given to girls between ages 9 and 26 and recommended to give it before they are sexually become.